Toigetation Building in Vietnam

Toigetation Building in Vietnam, World Building of the Year, New Vietnamese Architecture

Toigetation Building

Toilet Washing Vegetation Structure in Vietnam – design by H&P Architects

21 Jan 2015

Toigetation Building in Vietnam

Design: H&P Architects

Location: Son Lap school, Son Lap Commune, Bao Lac, Cao Bang Province, Vietnam

Toigetation Building in Vietnam

“Ensure environmental sustainability” included improving sanitation facilities is one of the eight “Millennium Development Goals” by United Nations. According to that, from 2000 to 2015, the number of people without access to basic sanitation will decrease by 50%. The access has been recognized as a human right. All over the world currently there are about 2.5 billions people lacked of that access and more than a billion people (15% of the world population) are still defecating outdoors. The uncontrolled waste water discharge would also be an environmental disaster, because it harms human health (every year 1.7 billion people suffer from diarrhea and 760000 children die for cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, etc…). Lacking of sanitary equipment and facilities also cause economical damage tremendously (according to World Bank, in India that condition costs this country more than 53 billions USD every year, accounting for nearly 6% of its GDP).

Toigetation Building

In Vietnam, it is popular to see the lack of toilet or clean toilet in schools across the country. Currently 88% of schools in countryside have no toilet meeting criteria by the National Ministry of Health and a quarter do not have toilet completely.

Son Lap Commune, Bao Lac, Cao Bang Province has 257 households/ 1,700 inhabitants with 98% of the minority ethnic H’Mong and Dao. As an extremely poor area with more than 70% of the population living in poverty, people have to live a life without electricity, infrastructure, road, market, telecommunication network… Following the shifting cultivation of wandering hill tribes, they have destroyed forests and keep backward habits such as having many children in a family, of whom only few could go to school.

Son Lap School has a total of 485 students from kindergarten to secondary levels with more than 10 classes at the main school, 4 branch schools and some staff housings. None of them meets the minimum standards, specifically in terms of sanitary and washing facilities.

Toigetation Building

Thus, a space including toilet + washing area + vegetation is very urgent to the school here in particular and in Vietnam countrysides in general. Being named Toigetation, the project has been designed based on three objectives: quick construction, low cost and widely-applied ability.

Toigetation Building

Inspired by the iconic image of a large tree with wide canopy giving shade for the space below and within, Toigetation humbly blends into the slope at the foot of Phja Da mount. It includes a thick layer of vegetation (trees and herbs) on its four sides and the surrounding terraced garden. The vegetation layer helps regulating indoor climate, reinforcing the load bearing structure, supplying food and at the same time creating an implied boundary between inside and outside.

Toigetation is created by local human resources (teachers, students, people) & local materials (bamboo, brick, reused sewers) with simple construction method (dig/fill proportion of 1/1; handcraft methods: pin, tie, hang) which makes the structure anchored, tied to resist natural disasters. The project has fully natural ventilation and lighting. In addition, we also use solar panels for producing energy and reuse waste water and running water.

Users can learn and be educated from the dialogue between the project, nature and local community. The construction methods would be useful teaching materials such as Geology and Hydrology (water), Physics (light diffusion), Aerodynamics (ventilation), Biology (photosynthesis, vegetable planting), Agriculture… All of these will affect the future actions of the people, contributing to the development of the local ecological balance and stable economy.

With the ability of wide application, people from across the country can quickly build a Toigetation by themselves within 3 weeks with 3000 USD cost. We hope the Toigetation could considerably improve human rights in Vietnam.

[more images available – online soon]

Toigetation – Building Information

Location: Son Lap school, Son Lap Commune, Bao Lac, Cao Bang Province, Vietnam
Architect: H&P Architects
Architect In Charge: Doan Thanh Ha & Tran Ngoc Phuong
Team: Luc Van Tu, Chu Kim Thinh, Nguyen Van Manh, Patricia Erimescu, Vo Quynh Thu, Nguyen Thi Xuyen, Chu Van Dong, Nguyen Hai Hue, Hoang Huu Nam.
Architectural adviser: Dr. Nguyen Tri Thanh
Construction: H&P Architects and volunteers.
Completion date:: 12/2014
Photographs: Doan Thanh Ha

Toigetation Building

Toigetation Building in Vietnam images / information from H&P Architects

To see all listed projects on a single map please follow this link.

Vietnam Architecture

Vietnamese Properties

Ho Chi Minh City House

Ho Chi Minh City Residence

M11 House Ho Chi Minh City

Qui Nhon City House

Stacking Green Ho Chi Minh City

World Architecture Festival

World Architecture Festival (WAF) is the largest annual festival and live awards programme for the global architecture community. In 2014 it took place at the Marina Bay Sands in Singapore on 1 – 3 Oct.

WAF has three central pillars of activity:
• A wide-ranging conference programme, featuring keynote lectures, dozens of expert-led talks and seminars from thought-leading architects and designers from across the globe.
• The world’s largest annual awards programme in which practices from around the world compete across 28 award categories for global recognition. Architects of every shortlisted project are invited to attend the festival to give a live presentation to a panel of judges, asserting their case for why their project should win. The winners of each category are put forward to compete for the coveted World Building of the Year award, presided over by the festival’s ‘super-jury’, with the presentation of the award being the culmination of WAF 2014. This year’s super jury members are Richard Rogers (chair), Rocco Yim, Julie Eizenberg, Enric Ruiz Geli and Peter Rich.
• Three festival halls where all award entries are displayed in a unique awards gallery and where sponsors and suppliers can interact with delegates, make new contacts and showcase their services and products.

Vietnamese Architecture

Reunification Palace, Ho Chi Minh City
Architect – Ngô Viet Thu
Reunification Palace Ho Chi Minh City
photo © Tom Ravenscroft

Ho Chi Minh City Building

Unilever Vietnam Head Office, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Design: PTW Architects
Unilever Vietnam Office
picture from architect

Unilever Vietnam Office Building

Hanoi Museum
Design: gmp – von Gerkan, Marg and Partner
Reunification Palace Vietnam
picture : Julia Ackermann

Hanoi Museum Vietnam – National Assembly House and Conference Hall

Malaysian Architecture

Comments / photos for the Toigetation Building in Vietnam page welcome

Toigetation Building in Vietnam

Website: H&P Architects