Guelmim Airport in Morocco

Guelmim Airport, Morocco Architecture, North African Transport Hub Images

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

Modern Architecture Development in Morocco – design by Groupe3Architectes

22 Nov 2018

Guelmim Airport Building

Design: Groupe3Architectes

New Airport Building in the Gateway to the Desert

Location: Guelmim, Oued Noun, southern Morocco

Guelmim Airport

The new Guelmim Airport is situated in an existing military infrastructure located 3km north of the city of Guelmim in the south of Morocco.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

Led by the difficulty to realize such a project in this tough surrounding, the idea was to design a building that would be as simple as possible, very flexible, expandable, energy efficient and cost efficient.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

The horizon
In this beautiful landscape, with a large horizon and this mountains on both side, it was obvious that this small building couldn’t compete facing this huge nature. Therefore, we decided to handle it as if it was a piece of land art and conceived it as a coloured mark in the landscape. The more simple the gesture, the more efficient it would be.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco Guelmim Airport in Morocco

A clear horizontal building was the best way emphasize the beauty of the horizon and the shape of the mountains. From the inside, the users had to keep the view to the surrounding landscape.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

The limit
Thinking about the function of an airport is like drawing a limit between two zones separated by a control zone. Extensibility and flexibility being the prerequisite for a sustainable project, we designed a linear box, parallel to the runways, made of two halls with long span roof (21m), releasing the ground from unnecessary construction elements, and a low filter area in between, situated under an accessible patio garden.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

The flexibility of use and modularity are essential components of this flow machine that is an airport. Indeed, the movements of the passengers and their controls can change over time, according to national and international safety rules as well as technology development.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco Guelmim Airport in Morocco

So the idea of a limit is present everywhere, from the master plan to the cross section of the building.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

The light
The natural light had to be present everywhere, that’s why we designed a glass box with a protective skin. This skin made of perforated metal panels is held in a distance from the glass façade by the large roof overhang, which also helps to provide the sun shading for the outside areas.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

The light coming from the roof terrace is also filtered by the white fabric elements on top of it. So the intention of saving energy by reducing the direct sun impact brought us to design the element that would define the character of the project.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

Associated to naturally precooled ventilation, the building assure comfort and low environmental impact.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

The choice to use a metal façade is also the idea of emphasizing the incredible spectrum of different light qualities, by reflecting and playing with the elements.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

The pattern
The ubiquity of geometrical patterns in the region had to be included somehow in the design of the façade. It took some time to define how different patterns, with different scales of perception, would be integrated into the conception of the metal skin.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

From various distances, according to different light situation, the visitors will perceive different patterns that will clearly suggest a link to the decorative theme of local culture.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

The colours
Directly inspired by local materials in handicraft, food, clothes, but also by the surrounding nature, the soil and the mountain, the colour of the building had to strongly suggest a deeply integrated project. However, the strong colours had also to contrast with the blue sky, in order to keep the idea of a mark in the landscape.

Guelmim Airport in Morocco Guelmim Airport in Morocco

Guelmim Airport, Morocco

Architect’s Firm: Groupe3Architectes
Project location: Guelmim, Morocco
Completion Year: 2018
Gross Built Area (square meters or square foot):
Terminal: 7000 sqm
Other: 2000 sqm
Program: Terminal 1 / airport utilities / Parking
Lead Architects: Omar Tijani & Skander Amine, Chef de projet: Vincent Missemer
Client: Office National Des Aéroports (ONDA)
Landscape: Atelier Bertand Houin

Guelmim Airport in Morocco

Photography: Fernando Guerra / FG+SG and Groupe3Architectes

Guelmim Airport in Morocco images / information received 221118

Location: Guelmim, Morocco, North Africa




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