Modern Architecture, Photos, Modernist Design, Projects, Links, Examples, Houses, Pictures

Modern Architecture – 20th Century Design

Modernist Buildings & The International Style

e-architect have some classic Modern Buildings online, such as Mies van der Rohe’s Tugendhat Villa & Barcelona Pavilion, Frank Lloyd Wright’s Guggenheim Museum, housing by Berthold Lubetkin and Le Corbusier’s Ville Savoie.

Alexandra & Ainsworth Estate, London, by architect Neave Brown:
Alexandra & Ainsworth Estate, London
photo © Martin Charles / RIBA Collections

Modernist Building – Latest Additions

Hilversum Town Hall, The Netherlands
Design: Willem Marinus Dudok
Hilversum Raadhuis
photo © Adrian Welch

Hilversum Town Hall – new photographs – 21 Aug 2012

Sanatorium Zonnestraal, Hilversum, The Netherlands
Design: Jan Duiker with Bernard Bijvoet and Jan Gerko Wiebenga
Sanatorium Zonnestraal Hilversum
photo © Adrian Welch

Sanatorium Zonnestraal – new photographs – 21 Aug 2012
New photographs of this famous Modernist building that appears in most histories of 20th Century Architecture and the Modern Movement.
The former Zonnestraal Sanatorium is one of the most famous modern monuments in the Netherlands. A master plan was elaborated in 1997 to convert it into a health centre with a combination of (para)medical and recreational functions.

Fairydean Stadium, Galashiels, Scotland – photos added 7 May 2012
Peter Womersley, Architect
Scottish Modernist Building
photo © AJW

Modernist Stadium Building
This building is designed in a similar architecture style to Meadowbank Stadium in Edinburgh. The raw shuttering of the concrete, the powerful angular forms and the focus on cantilever and buttresses in tension are dominant. The building was controversially listed by Historic Scotland in late 2006.

Martin House Complex, Buffalo, USA – 20 Apr 2012
Frank Lloyd Wright, Architect
Frank Lloyd Wright House in Buffalo
photograph : Biff Henrich / courtesy MHRC

Modern Architecture in Buffalo
This is an interesting residential complex designed by one of the most celebrated architects of the 20th Century, Frank Lloyd Wright, between 1903 and 1905. It is the largest of his Prairie houses in the Eastern United States.

Modern Architecture – Major Modernist Buildings

Most of these Modern buildings exude purity – simple forms, floating planes / cantilevers, white facades, strip windows – typical of Modernist Architecture.

These Modern buildings feature in standard Histories of Architecture Books:

Barcelona Pavilion, Spain
1929; reconstructed 1983-86
Mies van der Rohe, Architect
Modern building
photograph © Adrian Welch

Barcelona Pavilion – probably the most famous Modern building in the world

Farnsworth House, Illinois, USA
Mies van der Rohe, Architect
Farnsworth House
photo © gm+ad architects

Farnsworth House

Highpoint I, Highgate, London, UK
Berthold Lubetkin Architect
Modernist Housing
photograph © Adrian Welch

Modernist Housing : Highpoint Buildings

860-880 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, USA
Mies van der Rohe, Architect
Modern Chicago building
photo : William Zbaren

Lake Shore Drive Towers

Sanatorium Zonnestraal, Hilversum, The Netherlands
Jan Duiker with Bernard Bijvoet and January Gerko Wiebenga
Sanatorium Zonnestraal Hilversum
photograph : Wessel de Jonge

Sanatorium Zonnestraal – famous Modernist building, appears in most histories of 20th Century Architecture and the Modern Movement

Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, USA
Frank Lloyd Wright
Guggenheim Museum New York
picture : David M. Heald, © SRGF, New York

Guggenheim Museum New York – organic Modernist architecture

Villa Savoie, Poissy, France
Le Corbusier, Architect
Le Corbusier building
building image © Rebecca Breun

Modern French house – famous Modernist architecture


Modern Architecture was a product of the mid-20th century. Described as the International Style by Reyner Banham, the Modern style was linked with architects such as Le Corbusier and Mies Van der Rohe and prevalent in Europe and USA initially.

Modern Architecture became the equivalent of the Classical Style in the Georgian period, ie the establishment architecture, the status quo.

Since the seventies architecture styles have become more fractured and we have – amongst what could be termed contemporary architects – post-modernists, neo-modernists, deconstructivists, contextualists, expressionists and so on. ‘Contemporary Architects’ suggests a position that is anti-vernacular, comfortable with new materials and non-local materials & forms, using architectural language that is not generally steeped in past typographies or traditions.

Please see our Modern houses page, linked on the left under ‘Relevant Links’

Modernist Architecture – Recent Additions to e-architect

Houses of Sagaponac, Long Island, NY, USA
Bachman Wilson House, NJ by Frank Lloyd Wright:
Bachman Wilson House
photo from Brown Harris Stevens

Miller House, Indiana, USA
Eero Saarinen, architect
Modern Architecture
photograph Courtesy of the Indianapolis Museum of Art

Modern Architecture – Key Modernist Buildings

Lawn Road Flats, London, UK
Wells Coates
Modernist Architecture
photo © Robin Lambert

Modernism : Isokon building – classic white Modernist purity

Tugendhat Villa, Brno, Czech Republic
Mies van der Rohe, Architect
Modern Czech Architecture
picture © AW

Modern Architecture : Tugendhat Villa

Unité d’Habitation building, Berlin, Germany
Le Corbusier, Architect
Unité d'Habitation Berlin
photo © Isabelle Lomholt

Modern Berlin housing – Modernist design emanating from France

Florida Southern Colleges – Child of the Sun, Florida, USA
Frank Lloyd Wright
Annie Pfeiffer Chapel
photo © Robin Hill

Florida Southern Colleges Buildings

Central Beheer office, Apeldoorn, The Netherlands
Herman Hertzberger
Centraal Beheer Apeldoorn Centraal Beheer Apeldoorn
photos © Willem Diepraam

Classic, world-famous office design
Modern office building
photo © Aviodrome Luchtfotografie

V. C. Morris Gift Shop, San Francisco, California, USA
Frank Lloyd Wright
Modern shop building
photo from gallery

San Francisco Architecture – more photos

Modern Buildings – UK

Bata Shoe Factory building, Tilbury, east London

Vladimir Karfik

Labworth Café, Canvey Island

Christiani & Nielsen

Paddington Maintenance Depot, northwest London
Bicknell & Hamilton
Modernist railway building

Royal Corinthian Yacht Club Building

Joseph Emberton

Wood House, Shipbourne, Kent

Walter Gropius

More Modern Architecture online soon

Modern Architects

Le Corbusier Show : The Interior of the Cabanon
Cabanon interior
interior photo : Andrea Ferrari
Modern Architecture Exhibition : RIBA, London

Walter Gropius

Louis Kahn

American Le Corbusier building – UN Building New York

Modern Architecture House : Frank Lloyd Wright house
Modern house
photograph © Adrian Welch

Modern Architecture Photos : Barcelona Pavilion building

Comments / photos for the Modern Architecture page welcome