Sofia Multifunctional Complex, Bulgaria, Foster + Partners

Sofia Multifunctional Complex, Bulgaria Masterplan, Building, Project, News, Design, Image

Sofia Multifunctional Complex Bulgaria

Urban Architecture Development – Masterplan by Foster + Partners in Bulgaria, Europe

page updated 1 Aug 2016 ; 27 May 2009

Sofia Masterplan

Design: Foster + Partners architects

Sofia Multifunctional Complex

Foster + Partners masterplan draws on the contours of the historical trade route bisecting the country and the elegant language of vernacular architecture to forge a new, thoroughly contemporary district for the city. The world-class architecture and amenities of the new development are intended to draw international business to the area and forge the development’s reputation as the second major centre of Bulgaria’s capital. At the heart of Foster + Partners’ design is a central park, conceived to give back the green space to the people of Sofia, who had long been denied access to the site due to its military nature.

Sofia Multifunctional Complex Sofia Masterplan Sofia Masterplan Design

Images : Foster + Partners

Taking the circle – the symbol of round table democracy – as the starting point, the three primary functions of the buildings (European Union Agency, Knowledge Centre, and Exhibition Centre) were then expressed. The circle then evolved during the design process to take the form of a curved triangle, accommodating each of these different building types and responding to the natural contours of the site at the edge of the mountains. These three ‘magnets’ are expressed through the architecture: the high rise building, which contains the European Union Agency, defines the entrance to the masterplan and creates a new landmark, encircled by a public plaza, while the architectural language of the Knowledge Centre and Exhibition Centre is in contrast to the surrounding development.

Sofia masterplan

The buildings are anchored and the space between is defined by an extensive central park, with fingers of vegetation stretching out towards the city. The different heights of the buildings then rise and fall in a gentle wave around its perimeter in response to the path of the sun. Within each volume, a large void has also been created to function as an internal courtyard and further contribute to the scheme’s progressive environmental strategy.

Curving around the outer edge in the south of the site allows the exhibition buildings to maximise the available internal open space and accommodate a flexible range of large-scale shows and trade fairs. The open, commercial character of this point in the triangular plan will extend to influence the adjoining office street, echoing aspects of the city’s strategic location along the trade route to Istanbul. The Knowledge Centre, anchoring the buildings to the north of the scheme will function as a lively forum for learning, debate, exploration and entertainment and also serve as an accessible extension of the public realm. The low-rise nature of much of the Sofia masterplan provides a measured counterpoint to the tower, which will enjoy views of the park and mountains beyond as well as providing a marker for the development from the wider city.

Sofia Masterplan Sofia Masterplan Sofia Masterplan

Multifunctial Complex, Sofia Competition
Sofia, Bulgaria
2008-09

Client: Government of Bulgaria

Programme: Mixed-use Masterplan

Competition: 2008 – Apr 2009
Site Area: 632,000m²

Breakdown of Sofia Multifunctional Complex Masterplan:
Housing 90,000 m²
Retail 140,000 m²
Office 300,000 m²
Hotel 150,000 m²
Park 100,000 m²
Exhibition Hall 60,000 m²
Knowledge Centre 50,000 m²
Other 240,000 m²

Multifunctial Complex Sofia Multifunctial Complex Sofia Multifunctial Complex Sofia


To see all listed projects on a single map please follow this link.




Architecture in Bulgaria

Bulgaria Architecture Designs – chronological list

Architectural Walking Tours – city walks by e-architect

Sofia Buildings – Selection

Sofia City Centre Design
Design: Dominique Perrault
Sofia City Centre
image © Perrault Projets Adagp

Sofia City Centre

Liulin Apartment Building
I/O architects
Liulin Apartment Building
picture from architect

Sofia Apartment Building

Sofia Tower Building
Aedes studio
Sofia Tower
picture from architect

Sofia Tower Building




Also by Foster + Partners in Bulgaria:

Black Sea Gardens
2007-

Black Sea Gardens Black Sea Gardens Bulgaria
images © Foster + Partners
Bulgaria Resort

Buildings by Foster + Partners – Selection

Beijing Airport Building

Smithsonian Institute

City of Justice Madrid

Comments / photos for the Sofia Multifunctional Complex Bulgaria Architecture page welcome

Sofia Multifunctional Complex Building

Website: Bulgaria