Melaku Center – Ethiopian Building

Melaku Center, Ethiopian Building, Tigray Architecture, Africa Design, Property, Image

Melaku Center Ethiopia : Building in Tigray

Development in east Africa – design by Xavier Vilalta

2 Oct 2009

Melaku Center

Architect: Xavier Vilalta

The Melaku Center

Project developed for a Spanish Foundation working in Ethiopia

The Melaku Center will be new center of learning, working and projection for the inhabitants of Mek’ele, capital of the Tigray, a region of the north of Ethiopia.
The Melaku Center will be a reference model of sustainable development in Africa, from the design of the buildings to the program itself. The whole project will be a ecosystem of knowlegde, development and natural resources.

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Geometry and architecture integration
A common parameter in the traditional African architecture is the use of the fractal scale: small parts of the structure tend to be similar to the bigger ones, for example, the circular villages are made of circular houses.
The project master-plan geometry is based in a fractal hexagonal grid that holds the different sizes of classrooms and services. The classes are organized in small groups of three or four pieces that have the shape of a flower. Understanding the climate and the vernacular architecture of Ethiopia, the exterior spaces become the corridors of the school.

Natural ventilation
All the learning spaces have natural ventilation from both sides and the porch to access them holds the solar panels that will provide the school of electricity.

Landscape
The landscape of the center will integrate local species and the students of the center will be the researchers and gardeners for the intermediate spaces.

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Solar energy
All the buildings of the project hold a photovoltaic panel network that will provide the center of electricity. Some of the energy produced will be send to the city.

Water reuse
All the water from rain will be collected in natural collectors and this will be used for drainaged of the gardening and for services.

Melaku Center – Building Information

Client: Angel Olarán Support Foundation
Architect: Xavier Vilalta
Design Team: Biagio Cardella, Zazie Maquet, Noelia Arquero, Reza Nik,
Maria Rosaria Favoino
Structural Engineer: AL Enginyeria
Services Engineer: AL Enginyeria
Digital Imaging: Xavier Vilalta Studio
Construction start: Nov 2009

Melaku Center Ethiopia images / information from Xavier Vilalta

Melaku Center Ethiopia design : Xavier Vilalta Studio d ‘ Arquitectura


To see all listed projects on a single map please follow this link.




African Buildings

British Council Building, Addis Ababa
British Council Building Ethiopia
photo © James Brittain
British Council Building Africa

South African Embassy, Ethiopia
MMA Architects
South African Embassy Ethiopia
photo : MMA Architects / Paola Viessi

South African Embassy Ethiopia




Spanish Architects

School Buildings

The Royal Netherlands Embassy, Maputo, Mozambique
Claus en Kaan Architecten
Dutch Embassy Maputo
photo : Christian Richters

Netherlands Embassy Building Africa

Comments / photos for the Melaku CenterEthiopian Architecture page welcome

Melaku Center Building Ethiopia : page

Website: Africa