Schönbrunn Zoo Aquarium Vienna

Schönbrunn Zoo Aquarium Building in Vienna, Austrian Architecture Images, Architect

Schönbrunn Zoo Aquarium Vienna

Tiergarten Schönbrunn Building in Austria – design by 3XN / GERNER GERNER PLUS

22 Apr 2018

Schönbrunn Zoo Aquarium Vienna Building

Design: 3XN & GERNER GERNER PLUS

Location: Tiergarten Schönbrunn, Vienna, Austria

The oldest continuously operating zoo in the world.

Schönbrunn Zoo Aquarium Vienna

A spectacular new Austrian aquarium building designed by 3XN and GERNER GERNER PLUS

Renderings: 3XN

English text (scroll down for German):

The design for an aquarium by 3XN and GERNER GERNER PLUS manifests itself as elegant, simple and mysterious, lying across the landscape like a great veil.

Schönbrunn Zoo Aquarium Vienna Building

A spacious roof landscape emerges, spread with greenery and embedded in the network of paths in the historic complex of Schönbrunn Zoo, also offering room for a bearded vulture aviary.

Schönbrunn Zoo Aquarium Vienna Building

The building covers a total area of 6,000 m² divided into four levels. Large-area glazing and a wave-shaped entrance welcome visitors into the hallway, leading towards the softly undulating waterworld.

Schönbrunn Zoo Aquarium Vienna Building

Not only the entry, also the ceiling softly undulates, generating a medley of moods. During the tour, temperatures, background sounds, lights and ceiling heights immerse visitors into ever changing atmospheres. The architecture and specially devised routing intensify this experience, the perfect stage for the underwater world theatre. For concentrated observers, the path widens into small bays in front of the individual tanks, enhancing the experience with a greater sense of intimacy.

Schönbrunn Zoo Aquarium Vienna Building

At the end of the tour the visitor arrives at the shop and a café, which opens up its sunny terrace from noon onwards. Direct access from the café into the event room and shark tank offers a high degree of flexibility in the different zones. Outside opening hours, people have the option of using the aquarium’s event room – which includes the shark and jelly-fish tanks – for official functions.

Schönbrunn Zoo Aquarium Vienna Building

Um dem vom Salzwasser verursachten, aggressiven Raumklima standzuhalten entschied man sich bei der Materialität der Konstruktion für Beton. Dieser unterstreicht aber auch die Inszenierung der neuen Unterwasserwelt. Ganz bewusst wurde bei der Gestaltung auf kompliziert zu errichtende Formen verzichtet. Die tiefen Becken des Aquariums werden direkt auf die Bodenplatte gestellt, um eine optimale Lastverteilung zu gewährleisten und so aufwendige statische Konstruktionen zu vermeiden.

Schönbrunn Zoo Aquarium Vienna Building

Das Zentrum des Gebäudes und folglich auch der Konstruktion, bildet das Haifischbecken, welches durch seine Größe und den dazugehörigen technischen Voraussetzungen das zentrale raumbildende Element darstellt. In diesem Bereich muss die Bodenplatte zusätzlich verstärkt werden, um die gewaltigen Lasten abzutragen. Die 12 mal 6 Meter große Scheibe des Beckens erfordert einen 55 Zentimeter dicken Spezialkunststoff.

Schönbrunn Zoo Aquarium Vienna Building

Hinter der wie eine große Landschaft wirkenden Dachstruktur steckt eine so simple wie effiziente Konstruktion. Die wellenartige, geschwungene Form besteht aus in Sektoren teilbaren Elementen und kann mit Standardschalungen bewerkstelligt werden. Es entstehen keine Hyperparaboloid Flächen, welche zu Mehrkosten führen würden.

Schönbrunn Zoo Aquarium Vienna Building images / information received April 2018

3XN

Location: in the grounds of the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, Austria, founded as an imperial menagerie in 1752.

Address: Maxingstraße 13b, 1130 Wien, Austria


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Website: Tiergarten Schönbrunn