Wilhelminaplein Tunnel, Rotterdam Building, Subway Project Photos, Design, Image
Wilhelminaplein Tunnel Rotterdam : Dutch Pedestrian Tunnel
Transport Development in Rotterdam, The Netherlands – design by Zwarts & Jansma
6 Feb 2009
Wilhelminaplein Metro Station
Pedestrian Tunnel under the Wilhelminaplein
Extension of a Metro Station in Rotterdam
Date built: 2005
Design: Zwarts & Jansma
The new pedestrian tunnel underneath the Wilhelminaplein in Rotterdam has won the Dutch Design Award 2005. The connection between the underground railway station Wilhelminaplein and the Luxor theatre has been devised by architectural firm Zwarts & Jansma Architects, who also designed subway station Wilhelminaplein.
The structural work between the hall of the subway station and the square in front of the Luxor theatre was already prepared during the construction of the subway station Wilhelminaplein. The tunnel was completed in 2005. The design and the finishing of the 140 m long tunnel needed to fit in with the ambition of the area.
Social security is an important aspect in the design of any underground space. By avoiding inconvenient corners the feeling of security can be increased. Long sight lines, transparency and clearness of space have a big influence on how a pedestrian experiences the whole. The aim was to find a way to make unwelcome guests feel unwelcome, while at the same time keeping the environment pleasant for the legitimate traveller.
The tunnel floor has been carried out entirely as a rolling plane, so it is impossible to stand still. As a result, legitimate travellers feel comfortable in the tunnel and unwanted guests stay away. On the tapis roulant the pedestrian zooms along bowed partitions of enamelled and perforated steel. This construction keeps away graffiti and assures good acoustics. The perforations allowed for an invisible attachment of the channels for smoke and heat emission.
Behind the little perforations, the pedestrian is not only supervised by security cameras, but also smiled at reassuringly by dozens of small children. They are the offspring of the project managers, draughtsmen and carpenters who worked for the project. The pictures of the babies are not photographs, but images formed through the interference of the perforations in the steel plates.
The illumination gradually changes colour, as a result of which the view of the tunnel is different every time. The illumination is computer-controlled and flexible, making it possible, for example, to follow a traveller with the light.
In order to maintain the sightlines and a good internal visibility a mirror has been placed in the panels near the bend, making it possible to see around the corner. Also, matters such as base and emergency illumination, loudspeakers, cameras and signposting are built in the panel. When the traveller enters the tunnel from the street, he reaches the tapis roulant by escalator, a fixed staircase or an elevator. At night this entrance is closed with glass shields and a roll-down shutter.
Wilhelminaplein Tunnel Rotterdam – Building Information
Client: RET Rotterdam
Winnaar: Designprijs 2005
Metro Station Rotterdam images / information from Zwarts & Jansma
Location: Wilhelminaplein, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Architecture in Rotterdam
Rotterdam Architecture Designs – chronological list
Rotterdam Buildings – Selection
Nesselande Station + ‘Absence of Light’ Bridge
Hans Moor Architects
Rotterdam Station Building
UN Studio Architects
Erasmus Bridge Rotterdam
CityHub, Witte de Withstraat
Design: Studio Modijefsky, Architects
photograph : Maarten Willemstein
Comments / photos for the Wilhelminaplein Tunnel Rotterdam Architecture page welcome