Hampstead Garden Suburb Architecture, Parker & Unwin London, Building, Architect, Designs
Hampstead Garden Suburb Buildings
Key Early 20th Century Architecture in North London, England, UK: Property Information
22 Aug 2009
Hampstead Garden Suburb Architecture
Key Architectural Projects, alphabetical:
Hampstead Garden Suburb, NW11
Date built: –
Design: Raymond Unwin : Parker & Unwin
St Jude on the Hill : Parish Church of Hampstead Garden Suburb
Dates built: 1909-10; 1935
Design: Edwin Lutyens, architect
photo © Nick Weall
Central Square, opposite the Free Church
Founded in 1907 by Dame Henrietta Barnett to be a model community
More Hampstead Garden Suburb buildings online soon
Location: Hampstead Garden Suburb, London, England, UK
Contemporary London Architecture
London Building Designs – chronological list
Architecture Walking Tours in London by e-architect
Hampstead Garden Suburb Context
Muswell Hill Buildings, alphabetical:
Alexandra Palace – ‘Ally Pally’, Wood Green / Muswell Hill
Date built: 1873
picture © Nick Weall
London Architecture Photos taken by Nick Weall with a Nikon D700 using either a 14-24mm Nikkor Lens or a 24-70mm Nikkor lens. All images taken with a tripod.
Hampstead Garden Suburb
Hampstead Garden Suburb is located in North West London, England, approximately 7 miles from the centre of London. Founded in 1907 by Dame Henrietta Barnett, it is internationally recognised as one of the finest examples of early twentieth century domestic architecture and town planning, and home to approximately 13,000 people.
This early 20th Century North London community was founded by Henrietta Barnett, who, with her husband Samuel, had started the Whitechapel Art Gallery and Toynbee Hall. In 1906, Barnett set up the Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust Ltd, which purchased 243 acres of land from Eton College for the scheme and appointed Raymond Unwin as its architect.
The ideas for the “Garden Suburb” were clearly based on the ideas and experience of Parker and Unwin in the planning and development of Letchworth Garden City, the first development of its kind, inspired by the work of Ebenezer Howard. Other consultant architects involved with the Hampstead development include George Lister Sutcliffe and John Soutar.
However, with no industry, no public houses and few shops or services, the suburb, unlike the garden cities, made no attempt to be self-contained. In the 1930s the “Suburb” (as it is known by locals) expanded to the north of the A1. While more characterful than most other suburban housing, some of the housing to the north is considered, overall, of less architectural value.
On Central Square, laid out by architect Sir Edwin Lutyens, there are two large churches, St. Jude’s Church and The Free Church, as well as a Quaker Meeting House. There are two mixed state primary schools in the Suburb, Garden Suburb and Brookland. There is also a state girls’ grammar school, Henrietta Barnett School. The school used to house The Institute, an adult education centre, but most of The Institute has now moved to accommodation in East Finchley, opposite the tube station, with the opening of a new purpose-built arts centre.
Buildings / photos for the Early 20th Century Architecture in North London Architecture Photos page welcome