International Fair of Tripoli by Oscar Niemeyer

International Fair of Tripoli Building by Oscar Niemeyer, Modern Architecture Lebanon, Architect, Design

International Fair of Tripoli by Oscar Niemeyer

20th Century Lebanese Building – design by Modernist Brazilian Architect

4 Feb 2016

International Fair of Tripoli by Oscar Niemeyer

Design: Oscar Niemeyer, Architect

International Fair in Tripoli, Lebanon

Rashid Karami International Fair by Oscar Niemeyer

In 1962 Oscar Niemeyer flew in a helicopter over the outskirts of Tripoli, Lebanon, reports Architectural Record. After two circuits over the city he had decided the best location for the fair.

At the time, the Brazilian architect was riding the wave of success from his work in Brasilia, the new capital of his home country. Niemeyer’s revolutionary designs had spurred a flurry of interest from international clients, among them the Lebanese, who gave him nearly 250 acres of land to design the grounds for a grand World’s Fair meant to showcase the country’s development and innovation.

Tripoli Fairgrounds by Oscar Niemeyer:
Tripoli Fairgrounds by Oscar Niemeyer
photograph courtesy Styliane Philippou

The architect completed his plans in 1963, including a wild array of concrete structures that incorporated elements of traditional Arab style into the distinctly modern aesthetic he perfected in Brasilia: a mushroom-shaped helipad over a subterranean science museum, a concrete dome housing an experimental theater, pyramid structures with star-shaped footprints, and a boomerang-like “Grand Ouverture”—the main exhibition hall. Construction began in 1967, but the outbreak of Lebanon’s civil war in 1975 brought the slow-moving project to a halt.

Oscar Niemeyer

The forgotten fairground was renamed after former Lebanese prime minister Rashid Karameh.

Taken inside one of the buildings within the complex designed by Oscar Niemeyer in Tripoli, Lebanon. Construction was halted in 1975 when the civil war started:

Uploaded on 19 May 2011 by The Velvet Rocket TV

Activists led by the Union of Architects in Tripoli are campaigning for UNESCO recognition and for the completion of Niemeyer’s original design, turning it into a public park and historic site.

In 2000, a portion of what Niemeyer envisioned as a residential complex became a nondescript Quality Inn hotel; recently, a member of parliament proposed turning the fair into a tech hub and university under a plan called Tripoli 2020.

Rashid Karami International Fair by Oscar Niemeyer:
International Fair of Tripoli by Niemeyer
photo courtesy www.greekarchitects.gr

The site has been on the World Monuments Fund’s biennial Watch List for a decade. Six months ago, a group of concerned architects and activists launched a campaign to force the Lebanese government and the exhibition’s board of directors to make the grounds a protected cultural landmark as a UNESCO world heritage site, the same designation granted to the entire city of Brasilia in 1987.

International Fair of Tripoli by Oscar Niemeyer
photo courtesy www.greekarchitects.gr

Ref. International Fair of Tripoli by Oscar Niemeyer

Oscar Niemeyer’s International Fair in Tripoli, northern Lebanon, was intended as the foundation of a new city quarter, but civil war intervened and it was never finished, reports www.iconeye.com. Half a century on, its mysterious geometric forms stand like a modernist Shangri-La.

In 1962 Oscar Niemeyer was commissioned to build an International Fair in Tripoli, in northern Lebanon, but it was left unfinished when the civil war broke out in 1975.

Niemeyer was invited by the Lebanese government to design a permanent International Fair complex for Tripoli. He was chosen for his facility in designing buildings in warm climates and also, as a card-carrying Communist, for his politics. Niemeyer’s Brasília vividly expressed the cultural pride of a developing nation. His ambitious plan for Tripoli proposed a new city quarter including zones for commerce, sports, entertainment, and housing, with the fair at its centre.

Ref. http://www.iconeye.com/architecture/features/item/10503-oscar-niemeyer-s-international-fair-in-tripoli

The Rashid Karami International Fair was intended as a permanent fairground and exhibition complex, with construction beginning in the early 1960′s during something of a golden age in Lebanon, according to thevelvetrocket.com.

Rashid Karami International Fair Tripoli by Oscar Niemeyer

In 1975, just prior to the completion of the complex though, the civil war started up and the site was abandoned (although it was allegedly used briefly as a weapons storage area by the Syrians). Today, the Rashid Karami International Fair rests just as it did when it was abandoned in 1975.

Rashid Karami International Fair by Oscar Niemeyer

The Rashid Karami International Fair by Oscar Niemeyer

The International Fair of Tripoli constitutes one of the still too unknown major works of Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer, according to www.patrimsf.org. At the demand of the Lebanese government, the projct was launched in 1963 and the construction work lasted from 1968 to 1974 but the Fair never opened because of the war that devastates Lebannon until 1990. At the beginning of 2004, the Tripoli Chamber of Commerce and Industry launched a project aiming at transforming the International Fair into a “touristic village intended to welcome millions of visitors every year”, like Disneyland.

The published images of the project show a true massacre of the Niemeyer architecture, a transformation of the existing buildings without a care for either architectural coherence or the destruction of the place’s magic. Although the first steps of the project have been taken, it is still possible to stop this project that destroys one of the essential benchmarks of Tripoli and of modern Lebannon. PSF calls for an urgent mobilisation to launch an international campaign to save the Tripoli International Fair.

Ref. http://www.patrimsf.org/projet/spip.php?rubrique27

Link: http://www.domusweb.it/en/photo-essays/2012/03/27/an-experience-of-ruin-niemeyer-s-tripoli-fairgrounds.html

Key later building by the architect – Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói, Brazil:
Museu d Arte Contemporanea de Niteroi building
photo © Marcela Grassi


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Lebanese Buildings

Lebanon Architecture : chronological list

Beirut Architecture Walking Tours

Architectural News Lebanon

Lebanon Buildings

The Cube Building in Beirut
Design: Orange Architects
The Cube in Beirut
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486 Mina El Hosn Beirut
Design: LAN Architecture
486 Mina El Hosn Beirut
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Midori Building in Badaro
Design: Paul Kaloustian Architect
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Midori Building Lebanon




Oscar Niemeyer Buildings

Key Buildings by Oscar Niemeyer

Oscar Niemeyer Museum, Curitiba, Brazil
Oscar Niemeyer Museum Building
photo : John Lima
Oscar Niemeyer Museum

Teatro Popular de Niteroi, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
2007
Popular Theatre in Niteroi
photo © Marcela Grassi
Teatro Popular de Niteroi

Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói – MAC, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1996
Museu d Arte Contemporanea de Niteroi building
photo © Marcela Grassi
Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói

Oscar Niemeyer & Lord Foster:
Oscar Niemeyer & Norman Foster
photograph : Abitare

Centro Niemeyer, Avilés, Spain
2011
Centro Niemeyer
Niemeyer Center photo : Ángel Navarrete
Centro Niemeyer

Interbau Apartment House, Berlin, Germany
1957
Oscar Niemeyer and Soares Filho
Oscar Niemeyer building
photo © Adrian Welch

Hansaviertel Buildings by various celebrated 20th Century architects

Oscar Niemeyer prize : RIBA Gold Medal 1998

Brazil Architecture
Mineirão Stadium
image from architects

Oscar Niemeyer Brasil : Modern Architect

Beirut Buildings

Dakota apartments, Ashrafieh
Design: Turner Associates
Beirut Housing
image from architect

Beirut Housing

Marina Towers
Design: Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates
Marina Towers Beirut
building photo © Solidere

Marina Towers Lebanon

Office Building in Badaro
Badaro Office Building
image from architect
Lebanese Office Building

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International Fair of Tripoli by Oscar Niemeyer

Website: Tripoli, Lebanon