Bauhaus Architecture Celle, Lower Saxony Buildings, 20th Century German Architecture
Bauhaus Architecture in Celle, Lower Saxony
Modern German Buildings – birthplace of ‘Neues Bauen’ – ‘New Objectivity’ – 20C Functional Design
21 Jul 2018
Bauhaus Architecture in Celle, Lower Saxony
Location: Celle, Lower Saxony, South East Germany
Baroque meets Bauhaus in Celle
Thematic Bauhaus tours and several events await you in connection with the Bauhaus anniversary year 2019
Discover “Neues Bauen” in the Bauhaus style in Celle ©CTM GmbH
Bauhaus architecture designed by Otto Haesler – German Modernism
CELLE, July 2018 – With over 490 colourful half-timbered houses, Celle presents the largest compact ensemble of its kind in Europe and is one of the most splendid towns in Germany.
Photos © CTM GmbH
The picturesque Guelph Palace and the modern 24-hour art museum located next to the impressive Bomann Museum in the Old Town are well-known. Less well-known, however, is that Celle is effectively the birthplace of ‘Neues Bauen’ (‘New Objectivity’ – modern functional building design) and with regard to Bauhaus architecture it ranks in the same league as the towns of Weimar and Dessau.
This is the case, not only in terms of the quantity of the beautifully preserved buildings which are still partially used for their original purpose, but also in terms of quality, such as the ‘Altstädter Schule’ which in the 1920s came to international fame as the ‘Glass School’, attracting visitors from all over the world. The number of visitors was so great that the school management was forced to restrict visiting hours to Thursday afternoons and Saturday mid-mornings and to charge 50 pfennigs entry fee which was used to buy milk for the pupils.
The ‚Glass School’ which is used to this day as an elementary school is recognized as one of the most important Bauhaus buildings worldwide and is a UNESCO-worthy object. Celle has the largest density of Bauhaus architecture nationwide and owes its global architectural significance regarding Bauhaus to the architect Otto Haesler.During the Weimar Republic (1919 – 1933), through the use of innovative and technically constructive elements, combined with a consequent commitment to socially compatible functionality, and at a time of enormous financial pressure, he seized on the post-war spirit which was characterized by a housing shortage and perfected social housing.
Through his clear design language, the use of primary colours as well as the incorporation of steel-tube furniture which was produced in Celle, Haesler belongs, alongside Walter Gropius and Hannes Meyer, to the pioneers and forerunners of ‘Neues Bauen’ or Bauhaus architecture.
Many of these building projects such as the colourful, impressive red and blue houses in the ‘Italienischer Garten’ estate as well as other Haesler buildings like the ‘Director’s House’ and the Haesler Museum where attention to detail has been placed, are open to the public.
For the Bauhaus anniversary year in 2019 under the motto ‘Baroque meets Bauhaus’ many events, exhibitions and activities are planned. Thematic tour: Bauhaus architecture – from Italienischer Garten to the ‘Glass School’.
The tour at the edge of Celle’s Old Town leads to the buildings designed by Otto Haesler. He was one of the first German architects to replace the traditional brick construction method by a steel frame construction method. His housing estates designed for families with a modest income as well as the ‘Glass School’ and the ‘Director’s House’ served as models for modern architecture. They are significant examples of the ‘Neues Bauen’ phase during the Weimar Republic.
Various Bauhaus guided tours, on foot, on bicycle and on Segway, are available.
Due to its Bauhaus architecture, built by Otto Haesler, the city of Celle is part of the Grand Tour of Modernism – an itinerary specifically designed to celebrate the Bauhaus centenary. This makes Celle one of around 100 sites which are selected on the basis of their cultural heritage and linked up in an appealing travel route. This major centenary campaign launched by the Bauhaus Association 2019, an alliance of the three state-owned Bauhaus sites in Germany, takes the interested visitors to the history of modernism between 1900 and 2000 and can well be experienced by train, by car or by bike.
Further information about the Bauhaus and about guided tours in Celle is available from:
Guided tour service
Markt 14 – 16
Tel.: +49 5141 9090816
All images copyright Celle Tourismus und Marketing GmbH (CTM GmbH).
Celle, Lower Saxony, South East Germany images / information received 200718
Website : Celle, Germany
To see all listed projects on a single map please follow this link.
Architecture in Germany
German Architectural Projects
German Architecture Designs – chronological list
photo : Werner Huthmacher
Bauhaus Architecture – selection on e-architect
The Bauhaus Promenade Museum, Dessau, Germany
Design: Matteo Cainer Architects
image from architect
The Bauhaus Promenade Museum
bauhouse 24H Competition, Dessau, Germany
1st prize: Sonya Falkovskaia
image courtesy of designer / 24h
Haus am Horn – The World’s First Bauhaus Building
Design: Georg Muche & Bauhaus students
Bauhaus Masterhouses Dessau
Bauhaus Archiv Berlin Museum of Design, Germany
photo © Adrian Welch
Bauhaus School Building in Dessau
Bauhaus Building, Walter Gropius, 1925-26, Dessau, Germany:
image © Gordon Watkinson
Walter Gropius Architect
picture © Gordon Watkinson
Gropius in Chicago Coalition Protest, USA – Michael Reese Hospital Laundry building:
photograph © Grahm M. Balkany / Gropius in Chicago Coalition
Bauhaus Museum Dessau Competition, Germany
image from Bauhaus Building Competition organisers
Bauhaus in America Exhibition and Conference
Hazel Larsen Archer, Buckminster Fuller’s 1949 Dome at Black Mountain College, Summer 1949, gelatin silver prints, 13.75 x 21 inches (overall), 3.875 x 3.875 inches (ea):
photograph © Estate of Hazel Larsen Archer
Bauhaus Masterhouses Dessau, Germany
image from architects
photograph © Adrian Welch
Website : Celle, Lower Saxony, Germany
Bauhaus Building architect : Walter Gropius
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Website : Germany