New Hospital Building Denmark, Architect, Danish Health Design
Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland
Danish Health Building, Hillerød South – design by Herzog & de Meuron, architects
14 Apr 2014
New Hospital in North Zealand
Design: Herzog & de Meuron, Swtizerland
Herzog & de Meuron wins New North Zealand Health Facility
Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland design architects : Herzog & de Meuron
The hospital is surrounded by nature and contains a garden in its center. The horizontality of the building and its undulating form responds to the location of the hospital in the midst of the wide Danish landscape. A horizontal building is an appropriate building typology for a hospital, because this fosters exchange: across the various departments, the employees work on a shared goal: the healing of the ailing human being. The new hospital shall overcome conventional operational borders. The tall hospitals of the last decades, with their functionalist language, have rarely achieved this goal.
The plan is the marriage of two seemingly contradictory goals: the desire for a large central garden and the necessity for short internal connections. The result is an organic cross shape that permits the interior garden to become a flowing space. A central hall underneath the garden is characterized by four round courtyards. The hospital pulsates from here.
Viewed in section, the arrangement of the functions is simple: two floors for examination and treatment form a pedestal upon which a two-story ribbon of wards is placed along the perimeter, forming the large central garden. In the pedestal, on both levels, connections to the outdoors are created in various ways. Courtyards provide daylight and vistas, and ease orientation. Large connected areas, the repetitive arrangement of the interior courtyards, and uniform room sizes offer a high degree of flexibility. Later changes of functions can be easily realized.
Two basic principles guide the organization of uses within the pedestal:
1. The more frequented a department, the more central its location.
2. The main streams of outpatients and inpatients are separated vertically. Each level of the pedestal serves one primary stream.
The pedestal is mineral with a slender, vertical facade structure, permitting a high degree of flexibility while offering visual protection at the same time. The courtyard facades could be clad in differing materials; they create orientation and variety. The pedestal contains the functions of the hospital that are used by everyone, which is reflected in its continuous facade. The pedestal is an expression of community.
The wards, in contrast, express privacy and small scale. They are made of lightweight prefabricated modules: two by two patient rooms respectively create a small rectangular house of metal or wood. The bathrooms are located in between, set back. They are polygonal and give the ribbon its undulating shape. The plan resembles a spine. The patients’ rooms offer generous views into the treetops or across the wide central garden. From this viewpoint, the hospital looks like a two-story complex.
The landscaping concept consists of two typical Danish landscape typologies. A forest park with clearings for parking lots surrounds the building, while the central garden is Heathland. Circular hedges inhibit views into the pedestal and create the path network of the garden.
This project will be the heart of the new masterplan of Hillerød South.
Images © 2014, Herzog & de Meuron Basel
Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland
Design of a new super hospital in Denmark
BIG moves to 2nd phase of design competition for one of Denmark’s largest hospitals
BIG+WHR+Arup has been announced as one of the three design teams to participate in the second phase of the design competition for Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland, a 124,000 sqm. acute hospital in Hillerød, north of Copenhagen. BIG’s proposal for the new hospital, serving over 300,000 people, preserves the site’s existing natural features while optimizing the efficient hospital machine.
The new hospital, merging three hospitals into one, will be built on a former hunting area characterized by rolling hills, many small ponds and one of the largest forests in the country. BIG’s proposal consists of eight interlocking playfully composed rings, which encourage maximum interface between the wards and creating spacious courtyards to gather and giving a sense of community.
The flat green roof responds to the natural topography, and the rings vary in height to create access to green surfaces. As a result, each patient room has a relationship either to an internal landscaped courtyard or to the surrounding woodland and greenery.
Bjarke Ingels: “Studies show that daylight and views to green areas and plants has a healing effect on bed lying patients. One of our guiding principles has been to further build on the area’s historic landscape features and to create a smooth transition between inside and outside. The façade is designed with integrated planters to bring nature right to the patient’s bedroom window. The landscape is in this way always present.”
Instead of creating linear circulation corridors, the hospital is built up around a central node which allows access to all the departments. To optimize the flows, the ground floor is kept free from bed transportation making the foyer a welcoming public space.
“BIG’s ideas, together with the large green spaces and green surfaces, mean that we really can talk about a healing hospital in the best possible interpretation of the concept”, the jury commented last Friday.
About the Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland
Building a brand new hospital on pristine land is a once in a lifetime opportunity for most. The project of Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland is about being innovative and thinking out of the box and about building for the future and for patients, patient families, staff, without any trammels. The goal is functional and interesting architecture, innovative solutions, good logistics and well thought-out work procedures, which should be visible to and benefit everyone going to Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland. http://tinyurl.com/krlluhx
Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland Danmark – Building Information
BIG (DK) Team Credit List
Creative Director: Bjarke Ingels Partners-in-Charge: Andreas Klok Pedersen Project Leader: Hanna Johansson Project Team: Lucian Racovitan, Taylor McNally-Anderson, Mathias Bank, Zoltan David Kalaszi
WHR Architects (USA) Credit List
Anthony Haas, Stephanie Schwindel, Akshay Sangolli
ARUP (UK/DK) Credit List
Sandra Akmansoy, Francesco Petrella, Ambrogio Angotzi, Tiago Oliviera, Mark Chown, Rudi Scheuermann
Hospital consultant: ArchiMED
Cost consultant: Davis Langdon
Landscape architect: Man Made Land
Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland images / information from BIG Architects
Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland Danmark design : BIG
To see all listed projects on a single map please follow this link.
Architecture in Denmark
Danish Architecture Designs – chronological list
Danish Hospital Buildings – Recent Designs
Køge University Hospital Building, Sjælland, eastern Denmark
Design: C.F. Møller
image from architects
Køge University Hospital Building – 11 Jun 2013
New Hospital Hvidovre, near Copenhagen, Sjælland, eastern Denmark
Design: Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects
image from architects
New Hospital Hvidovre – 9 Jun 2013
Danish Hospital Buildings
Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen
Henning Larsen Architects
picture from architects
Aarhus New University Hospital, Jutland
Arkitektfirmaet C. F. Møller
picture from architect
Aarhus University Hospital Building
Gentofte Hospital Extension, Sjælland
Arkitektfirmaet C. F. Møller
photo : Gentofte Hospital
Gentofte Hospital Building
photo : NORD Architects/Adam Mørk
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Nyt Hospital Nordsjælland Building – page