Kingo Houses by Jorn Utzon Architect, Denmark

Kingo Houses Denmark, Jorn Utzon, Architect, Helsingør Homes, Photos, Buildings, Design

Kingo Houses – Modern Danish houses by Jorn Utzon

Sjælland Huse : Modern Helsingor Buildings by key Danish Architect

page updated 7 Sep 2016

Kingo Houses Denmark

Courtyard-Style Housing, Hilleroed, Denmark
Date built: 1956-58
Design: Jorn Utzon, Architect

Location: Helsingor (or Elsinore in English)

Danish Building images © Adrian Welch / Isabelle Lomholt, May 2010

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Preceding the Sydney Opera House were two housing developments in Denmark. The Kingo Houses are located in southwest Helsingør, close to the edge of town, away from the sea.

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Sixty-three L-shaped houses were built in rows following the contours of the site, providing views for each house, and access to sunlight and shelter from the wind. The Kingo houses have a living room and study in one section, and the kitchen, bedroom, and bathroom in the other.

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Walls of varying heights closed the remaining open sides. For many architects the Kingo Houses remain one of their favourite projects due to the scheme’s combination of simplicity and inventiveness.

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More Kingo houses images online soon

Kingo Housing

Jørn Utzon’s first important breakthrough came in 1956 with the yellow brick and tile Kingo Housing development in Helsingor. It became well known throughout Europe as a model for subsidised housing, with its single-storey repetitive courts arranged freely on a grassy site and each unit carefully adjusted to respond to light, privacy and views some over a small pond.

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The Mayor of Helsingor put an area of nine acres of land with rolling hills at his disposal for Utzon’s housing plan. Utzon commissioned a show house from a firm of builders. The house was a success and eventually 63 houses were built within cost restrictions set up by the government to keep the costs below a certain level for low income workers. The 63 houses were built in rows following the undulations of the site, providing a specific view for each house, as well as the best situation possible for sunlight and shelter from the wind.

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Utzon liked to describe the arrangement of the houses “like flowers on the branch of cherry tree, each turning toward the sun.” The individual houses are L-shaped with a living room and study in one section, and the kitchen, bedroom and bathroom in the other. Walls of varying heights close the remaining open sides of the L.

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Each unit occupies an area of 15×15 meters. The relatively small size of the units makes them not only economical, but also easily adaptable to the natural terrain. The size of the private area is compensated by the provision of large landscaped communal space.

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Danish Courtyard Houses architect : Jørn Utzon


To see all listed projects on a single map please follow this link.




Architecture in Denmark

Danish Architecture Designs – chronological list

Fredensborg houses

Danish Architecture Photos

Key Danish Building
Bagsvaerd Church, north Copenhagen, Denmark
Jorn Utzon church

Danish Architects




Denmark Architecture – Selection:

Natural Science Center
NORD Architects
Natural Science Center
photo : NORD Architects/Adam Mørk

Utzon Center, Aalborg, Jylland
Kim Utzon Architects
Utzon Center
photo : Torben Eskerod Denmark

Danfoss Universe, Als
J. MAYER H.
Danfoss Universe
picture from J.Mayer H.

Comments / photos for the Kingo Houses page welcome

Kingo Houses Denmark – page

Website: Denmark