Nanhai Pearl Artificial Island, Haikou Bay, Hainan

Nanhai Pearl Artificial Island Haikou Bay, Hainan Architecture Competition, Southern China Design Contest

Nanhai Pearl Artificial Island, Haikou Bay

Holiday Beach Development in Hainan, Southern China – design by Diller Scofidio + Renfro

31 Aug 2016

South Sea Pearl on Hainan Island

Design: Diller Scofidio + Renfro, New York City

Location: South Sea Pearl, Hainan, China

Architecture Competition Winners

Diller Scofidio + Renfro Wins Chinese ‘eco-island’ Design Contest

New York architects studio Diller Scofidio + Renfro have won the South Sea Pearl architectural contest to design an eco-friendly tourist destination on an artificial island in Haikou Bay in Hainan, China.

Nanhai Pearl Artificial Island in Haikou Bay

The design office beat nine other architecture practices, including Foster + Partners and UNStudio.

Nanhai Pearl Artificial Island (Chinese: 南海明珠人工岛) is an artificial island under construction off the coast of Holiday Beach in Haikou Bay, Haikou, Hainan, China.

The island is being developed and is owned by HNA Group. As of April 2016, it consists of a roughly circular body of land with a bridge providing access to and from the shore. It will ultimately become a visitor attraction with hotels.

The crescent-shaped island is 250 hectares in size and located off the coast of Hainan, China, a larger island in the South China Sea with a population of 9 million.

Nanhai Pearl Artificial Island in Haikou Bay

The design competition for the master plan and central buildings on a man-made island in Haikou Bay, China, is run by HNA Group.

The island, called the South Sea Pearl (and Nanhai Pearl Artificial Island), will be an eco-tourism hub with housing, a cruise ship port, a yacht harbor, hotels, resorts, a theme park, and more.

Design by Foster + Partners:
Nanhai Pearl Artificial Island in Haikou Bay

HNA Group is the owner of several other properties in the area and across China, including the supertall skyscraper Haikou Tower due to be completed in 2020. They also own Hainan Airlines, the fourth largest airline in China.

According to ArchDaily, Vincente Guallart was selected to create a strategic vision for the island. Guallart told ArchDaily the goal was to “achieve a new urban development based on ecological principles.”

Design by UNStudio:
Nanhai Pearl Artificial Island in Haikou Bay

The ten architecture studios that competed to design the island were:

Foster + Partners, London
Morphosis Architects, Los Angeles
Office of Architecture, Barcelona
Diller Scofidio + Renfro, New York
Iroje Architects & Planners, Seoul
UNStudio, Seoul / Netherlands
KuiperCompagnons, Rotterdam
The Jerde Partnership, Los Angeles
CCDI, Beijing
Boston International Design Group, Boston

Construction is expected to begin in 2017 with completion in 2027.


To see all listed projects on a single map please follow this link.




Hainan Island Architecture Designs

Baubeginn Haikou Tower South Building – 12 Oct 2016
Design: HENN, architects
Baubeginn Haikou Tower South
image © HENN

Resort in Hongtong Bay Hainan Island – 11 Nov 2015
Design: M CO Design
Lumionous Resort
image from architect

Sanya Eyot Development in Hainan
Design: Benoy, architects
Sanya Eyot Development
image from architect

Haikou City Building
Design: Zhouxiang / CANNONDESIGN / Sha
Hainan Cancer Hospital
image from architect

Sanya Super Market Hainan Island
Design: NL Architects
Sanya Super Market Hainan Island
image from architects

Fishing Culture Centre & Museums, Hainan
Design: Office for Architectural Culture (OAC)
Tanmen International Oceanic Fishing Culture Centre and Museums in Hainan, China
picture from architects

Bike Pavilion, Hainan Province
Design: NL Architects
Bicycle Club Bike Pavilion Hainan Province China
picture from architects

Sanya Block 5, Hainan Province
Design: NL Architects
Sanya Block 5 Hainan Island building
pictures from architects

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Nanhai Pearl Artificial Island, Haikou Bay

Website: Haikou Bay