Oscar Niemeyer, Architect Brazil

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Oscar Niemeyer, Architect : Architecture

Modern Brazilian Architectural Practice – 20th Century Design Office

post updated 22 Oct 2017

Oscar Niemeyer Building Additions

International Fair in Tripoli, Lebanon
Tripoli Fairgrounds by Oscar Niemeyer
photograph courtesy Styliane Philippou
International Fair in Tripoli – 4 Feb 2016

30 May 2013
Oscar Niemeyer Museum, Curitiba, Brazil
Oscar Niemeyer Museum Building
photo : John Lima
Oscar Niemeyer Museum

Oscar Niemeyer Architect

Celebrated Brazilian Architect Oscar Niemeyer

1907-2012

This celebrated Brazilian architect died on aged 104.

Key later building by the architect – Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói, Brazil:
Museu d Arte Contemporanea de Niteroi building
photo © Marcela Grassi

8 Dec 2011

Oscar Niemeyer Buildings – Photos

Key Buildings

Photographs from Marcela Grassi – Architecture Photographer

Teatro Popular de Niteroi, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
2007
Popular Theatre in Niteroi
photo © Marcela Grassi
Teatro Popular de Niteroi

Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói – MAC, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1996
Museu d Arte Contemporanea de Niteroi building
photo © Marcela Grassi
Museu de Arte Contemporânea de Niterói

Marcela Grassi – Architecture Photographer : Profile

6 + 5 Dec 2012

Oscar Niemeyer Architect Dies

Celebrated Brazilian Architect Oscar Niemeyer Dies

The celebrated Brazilian architect, died on Wednesday.

Oscar Niemeyer Architect – external link : BBC film

Film with the architect in discussion, Portuguese only:

6 Dec 2012

Tribute to Oscar Niemeyer by Norman Foster

I was deeply saddened to learn of the death of Oscar Niemeyer. He was an inspiration to me – and to a generation of architects. Few people get to meet their heroes and I am grateful to have had the chance to spend time with him in Rio last year.

For architects schooled in the mainstream Modern Movement, he stood accepted wisdom on its head. Inverting the familiar dictum that ‘form follows function’, Niemeyer demonstrated instead that, ‘When a form creates beauty it becomes functional and therefore fundamental in architecture’.

Oscar Niemeyer & Lord Foster:
Oscar Niemeyer & Norman Foster
photograph : Abitare

It is said that when the pioneering Russian cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin visited Brasilia he likened the experience to landing on a different planet. Many people seeing Niemeyer’s city for the first time must have felt the same way. It was daring, sculptural, colourful and free – and like nothing else that had gone before. Few architects in recent history have been able to summon such a vibrant vocabulary and structure it into such a brilliantly communicative and seductive tectonic language.

One cannot contemplate Brasilia’s crown-like cathedral, for example, without being thrilled both by its formal dynamism and its structural economy, which combine to engender a sense almost of weightlessness from within, as the enclosure appears to dissolve entirely into glass. And what architect can resist trying to work out how the tapering, bone-like concrete columns of the Alvorada Palace are able to touch the ground so lightly. Brasilia is not simply designed, it is choreographed; each of its fluidly-composed pieces seems to stand, like a dancer, on its points frozen in a moment of absolute balance. But what I most enjoy in his work is that even the individual building is very much about the public promenade, the public dimension.

As a student in the early 1960s, I looked to Niemeyer’s work for stimulation; poring over the drawings of each new project. Fifty years later his work still has the power to startle us. His contemporary Art Museum at Niteroi is exemplary in this regard. Standing on its rocky promontory like some exotic plant form, it shatters convention by juxtaposing art with a panoramic view of Rio harbour. It is as if – in his mind – he had dashed the conventional gallery box on the rocks below, and challenged us to view art and nature as equals. I have walked the Museum’s ramps. They are almost like a dance in space, inviting you to see the building from many different viewpoints before you actually enter. I found it absolutely magic.

During our meeting last year, we spoke at length about his work – and he offered some valuable lessons for my own. It seems absurd to describe a 104 year old as youthful, but his energy and creativity were an inspiration. I was touched by his warmth and his great passion for life and for scientific discovery – he wanted to know about the cosmos and the world in which we live. In his words: “We are on board a fantastic ship!”

He told me that architecture is important, but that life is more important. And yet in the end his architecture is his ultimate legacy. Like the man himself, it is eternally youthful – he leaves us with a source of delight and inspiration for many generations to come.

Norman Foster
December 2012

Oscar Niemeyer Architecture – external link : BBC film about Brasilia

Oscar Niemeyer – Key Projects

Most Recent Building by Oscar Niemeyer

Centro Niemeyer, Avilés, Spain
2011
Centro Niemeyer
Niemeyer Center photo : Ángel Navarrete
Centro Niemeyer
In 1989, the now one hundred year old Brazilian architect, was awarded the Prince of Asturias of the Arts Award. On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the Awards in 2006, the Prince of Asturias Foundation (FPA) invited all the award winners to participate in the celebrations.
“I am an architect and, as such, what I do is design buildings and that is just what I am going to do; design a building” stated Oscar. And so, on a blank piece of paper, Oscar Niemeyer began sketching curves, a skill in which he excels. With this, Oscar Niemeyer offered one of the best possible gifts ever.
Those first sketches by Oscar, drawn with a thick black marker, formed the foundations of an ambitious cultural project. It will be housed in what Oscar Niemeyer himself has called his most important project in Europe and his only building in Spain.

Major Building by Oscar Niemeyer

Museum of the Republic + National Library, Brasilia, Brazil
2006

Featured Building by Oscar Niemeyer

Interbau Apartment House, Berlin, Germany
Date built: 1957
Design with Soares Filho
Oscar Niemeyer building
photo © Adrian Welch

Hansaviertel Buildings by various celebrated 20th Century architects

Oscar Niemeyer Buildings

Oscar Niemeyer Designs, alphabetical:

Camargo House, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Date built: 1985

The Chapel of San Francisco de Assisi, Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Date built: 1943

Catedral Metropolitana – Metropolitan Cathedral, Brasilia

Congresso Nacional, Brasilia

Fata Building, Turin, Italy
Date built: 1977

French Communist Party headquarters, Paris

Itamaraty Palace – Ministry of External Affairs, Brasilia

Leonel Miranda House, Rio de Janeiro
Dates built: 1952-55

Ministry of Education building, Rio de Janeiro
Dates built: 1936-45
Design with architect Le Corbusier

Mondadori building, Milan, Italy
Date built: 1968

National Museum & National Library, Brasilia
Date built: 2006

Niemeyer Cultural Centre, Avilés, Spain
Dates built: 2007-11

Palacio da Alvorada – Palace of Dawn, Brasilia
Date built: 1958; restored 2005

Ravello auditorium, Italy
2003-
£13m

Supreme Labour Court, Brasilia
2006

More Oscar Niemeyer buildings online soon


To see all listed projects on a single map please follow this link.

Oscar Niemeyer Architect – Practice Information

Architects Studio based in Brazil. Oscar is a Modernist architect, working in a style influenced by Le Corbusier and the International Style.

Oscar Niemeyer prize : RIBA Gold Medal 1998

Brazil Architecture
Mineirão Stadium
image from architects

Oscar Niemeyer Brasil : Modern Architect

American Buildings

Brazilian architect : Paulo Mendes da Rocha

Architecture Studios

Buildings / photos for the Oscar Niemeyer Architecture page welcome

Oscar Niemeyer, architect – page

Website: Architecture