James Gibbs Architect, English Building, London Churches, England, Photos
James Gibbs Architect : Architecture
Historic Architecture in England, UK: Key Buildings
James Gibbs – Key Projects
Major James Gibbs Buildings
St Martin in the Fields, Trafalgar Square, central London, England, UK
Date built: 1722-26
photo © Timothy Soar
James Gibbs : St Martin-in-the-Fields Church
Radcliffe Camera, Oxford, England
Date built: 1737-48
The Radcliffe Camera (Camera, meaning “room” in Latin) is a building of Oxford University, England, designed in neo-classical style and built in 1737–49 to house the Radcliffe Science Library. It is sited to the south of the Old Bodleian, north of St. Mary’s Church, and between Brasenose College to the west and All Souls College to the east.
Senate House, King’s Parade, Cambridge, England
Date built: 1722-30
A delightful building in the heart of this English university town. The Senate House of the University of Cambridge is now used mainly for degree ceremonies. It was formerly also used for meetings of the Council of the Senate.
The building, which is situated in the centre of the city between King’s and Gonville and Caius Colleges, was designed by architect James Gibbs, based to an unclear extent on designs by the gentleman-architect Sir James Burrough, and built in 1722–1730 by Gibbs in a neo-classical style using Portland stone.
St Mary-le-Strand, The Strand, central London, England
Date built: 1714-17
photograph © Nick Weall
St Mary le Strand
This fine baroque church has stood for three hundred years in the centre of the Strand, one of the busiest thoroughfares in central London. It is a church in the Catholic tradition of the Church of England, part of the diocese of London and set within the deanery of Westminster (St Margaret).
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Other James Gibbs Buildings
Kings College buildings, Cambridge, England
Monument of Holles, Westminster Abbey
photo © Nick Weall
King’s College is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge in Cambridge, England. Formally The King’s College of Our Lady and Saint Nicholas in Cambridge, the college lies beside the River Cam and faces out onto King’s Parade in the centre of the city. King’s was founded in 1441 by Henry VI.
St Nicholas Kirk – west church, Aberdeen
Date built: from 1741
photo © Adrian Welch
James Gibbs : West St Nicholas
Stowe Palace buildings, Buckinghamshire
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James Gibbs – Practice Information
Former British Architects Practice
James Gibbs was born in Aberdeen, 1674.
Attended Marischal College, Aberdeen
photograph © Keith Hunter
Marischal College Aberdeen
James (1682 – 1754) was one of Britain’s most influential architects. Born in Scotland, he trained as an architect in Rome, and practised mainly in England. He is an important figure whose work spanned the transition between English Baroque architecture and a Georgian architecture heavily influenced by Andrea Palladio. Among his most important works are St Martin-in-the-Fields, in London, and the cylindrical, domed Radcliffe Camera at Oxford University.
His architectural style did incorporate Palladian elements, as well as forms from Italian Baroque and Inigo Jones (1573–1652), but was most strongly influenced by the work of Sir Christopher Wren (1632–1723), who was an early supporter of Gibbs.
By the end of 1704 he was studying architecture under Carlo Fontana. He moved to London in 1708.
image © AW
James Gibbs : Historic Architect
photo © AW
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