Frei Otto Architect, Germany, Building, German Engineer, Projects, Design, Office
Frei Otto, Architect : Architecture
20th Century German Architecture / Engineering: Key Buildings + Structures
Frei Otto Architect – Key Projects
Major Designs by this architect engineer, alphabetical:
Montreal Expo, Canada
Date built: 1967
Rolf Gutbrod with engineering by Frei Otto
Lightweight Structures Institute, Stuttgart, Germany
Date built: –
Japanese Pavilion, Expo 2000, Hanover, Germany
Date built: 2000
Design with Shigeru Ban
Stuttgart Highspeed Railway Station, south west Germany
Date built: –
with Christoph Ingenhoven
More projects by Frei Otto Architect online soon
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Frei Otto Architect – Practice Information
born in 1925
Famous for tent-like structures and interest in learning from nature’s patterns.
Frei Otto : German Architects
Current architects with a similar focus on natural structures include Jan Kaplicky at Future Systems and to a certain extent Eva Jiricna.
Otto’s tent-like projects no doubt influenced many of the British Hi-Tech architects such as Chris Wilkinson and Richard Rogers, though the influence of Archigram’s lightweight structures also played its part, culminating in projects such as the Imagination building in central London.
Pritzker Prize Biography
Frei was born in Siegmar, Germany, on May 31, 1925, and grew up in Berlin. “Frei” in German means “free”; his mother thought of the name after attending a lecture on freedom. Otto’s father and grandfather were both sculptors, and as a young student, he worked as an apprentice in stonemasonry during school holidays. For a hobby he flew and designed glider planes — this activity piqued his interest in how thin membranes stretched over light frames could respond to aerodynamic and structural forces.
When he had his university-entrance diploma in 1943, he signed up at once to study architecture, but he was not allowed to. Instead, he was drafted into the labor force. In September 1943, he was called for military service and he trained as a pilot. The pilot training was stopped at the end of 1944 and Otto became a foot soldier. In April 1945, he was captured near Nürnberg and became a prisoner of war. He stayed for two years in a prisoner of war camp near Chartres in France. There he worked as a camp architect; and he learned to build many types of structures with as little material as possible.
Frei Otto : Modern Architect
Buildings / photos for the Frei Otto Architecture page welcome
Frei Otto Buildings
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