The Pinnacle – London Tower

The Pinnacle London Tower, 22 Bishopsgate Building, Skyscraper Project, News, KPF Design, Image

The Pinnacle London

22 Bishopsgate Tower: Skyscraper Building Development, England – design by PLP Architecture / KPF

16 Nov 2015

22 Bishopsgate Skyscraper

22 Bishopsgate Building London

Design: PLP Architecture

22 Bishopsgate Pinnacle tower
image from architects

16 November 2015 – The Pinnacle replacement – 22 Bishopsgate – is set to be approved by City planning committee due to decide on the 17th of November, reports Building Design magazine (BD).

22 Bishopsgate City of London
image from architects


22 Bishopsgate Building

22 Bishopsgate, London, UK

PLP Architecture has been appointed by AXA Real Estate, acting on behalf of clients, and Lipton Rogers Developments, to design 22 Bishopsgate, a new office tower at the heart of the City of London.

The design will form part of the City of London’s cluster of tall buildings. Since the design of The Pinnacle on the site, much has changed in the context of the City; a number of towers, notably the adjacent Leadenhall Building, have been completed. The new design will acknowledge the tower’s position at the centre of this cluster and define the massing to enhance townscape views.

22 Bishopsgate City of London
image from architects

The brief for the development places emphasis on contributing more than an office building: and integrates social amenity spaces throughout the building shared by tenants; a restaurant and bar occupying the upper levels; a public viewing gallery offering free entry; and art enriching the public realm experience.

22 Bishopsgate London tower
image from architects

Client: AXA Real Estate and Lipton Rogers Developments
Facility: Offices, Social Amenity Spaces and Public Realm
Size: 130,000sqm
Status: Pre-Planning

22 Bishopsgate
image from architects

Link: The Pinnacle London Tower


The Pinnacle Building London

The Pinnacle, currently under construction at Bishopsgate and Threadneedle, combines a progressive attitude towards public realm and an advanced sustainable agenda, creating a landmark structure. The building’s dynamic form spirals upward forming the apex of the City of London’s emerging cluster of tall buildings. When complete, The Pinnacle will be the tallest in the City.

The tower opens at its base, straddling an open passage which bifurcates the entrance hall. This restoration of a right of way invites the public to pass beneath the building. A large glass canopy extends outward all around the base of the building. The canopy form was extensively tested and refined to mitigate wind and contribute to a pleasant pedestrian environment along Bishopsgate, in the passage, and in Crosby Square.

Crosby Square, which is newly defined and surrounded by restaurants, is the first of a series of stacked public spaces. Above are two semi-public double height skylobbies on levels 10-11 and 31-32, a public restaurant at level 54 and a public viewing gallery at the top of the building. All these spaces at different levels offer an expanded repertoire of informal gathering places in the city.

The sustainable strategy for the building shaped its appearance. Its aerodynamic form enhances the performance of the naturally ventilated facade with its panels that overlap like fish scales. This facade, with sun-shading in its cavity, allows for clear glass and creates a transparent and inviting building while admitting abundant natural light in the interior.

A project of Kohn Pedersen Fox (International) PA

The following people at PLP Architecture were involved while they worked at KPF: Lee Polisano was partner-in-charge; Karen Cook, design partner; Jon Neville-Jones, project manager; Wayne McKiernan, assistant project manager; Daniel Moore, architect; Rob Peebles, specialist structures designer; Renos Charitou, Design Coordinator; Karl Sharro, Andrei Martin, designer; Lars Hesselgren, head – computational geometry; Richard Woolsgrove, head visualizer; Andrew Brady, senior visualizer; Neil Merryweather, head model maker; Harjit Sembi, model maker.

Client: The Pinnacle No.1 Ltd, c/o Arab Investments Ltd
Facility: Office Building
Size: 88,000sqm
Status: In Construction

Link: The Pinnacle London Tower

The Pinnacle Building architect : PLP Architecture

14 Mar 2013

The Pinnacle Skyscraper

Alternative plans for The Pinnacle skyscraper are being formed by various architects offices.

Aerial View
The Pinnacle
image : KPF and Cityscape

Helter Skelter Building London

Progress on the £1 billion skyscraper stopped 14 months ago.

Ken Shuttleworth of make architects told The Guardian the original tower proposal was ‘too complicated to build because each piece of glass is a different size’.

City planning officer Peter Rees said: ‘The Pinnacle, or Helter-Skelter as I prefer to call it, was one of the last of the era of wacky buildings.

A proposal by Lipton Rogers – the new developer launched by Sir Stuart Lipton and former Stanhope director Peter Rogers (brother of architect Richard Rogers) to focus on affordable office developments – is being formulated.

Close up : Scheme B – Waterloo Bridge, South Viewing Plaque ; Close up : Aerial View
The Pinnacle London skyscraper The Pinnacle skyscraper
images : KPF and Cityscape

There is an element of posturing here, a chance for architects to showcase their practices, but Arab Investments are most likely to continue with a reduced cost design variation but with the same development team ie contractor Brookfield Multiplex.

31 + 30 Oct 2012

Helter Skelter Skyscraper

Design: KPF

Status: on site

Height: 288m high / 72 levels above ground, approx.

Approx. value: £1bn

New photos from 12 Nov 2012:

Pinnacle Building Pinnacle Building London Helter Skelter Building
photos © Adrian Welch

Contractor: Brookfield Construction (UK)

Financial Backer: Sedco, Saudi Arabia

Key attribute: to be tallest skyscraper in London’s financial district

BD report today that there is some movement on this major London skyscraper, ie that the architects are loking to reduce costs on The Pinnacle to accelerate progress. We feature some exclusive photos below of the project on site.

Upon completion in 2015 The Pinnacle will be the tallest skyscraper in the City of London, beating both the current tallest – Heron Tower – and the soon-to-be-tallest – The Cheesegrater.

The site for The Pinnacle is in the heart of the City, at 22-38 Bishopsgate, next to Richard Roger’s Leadenhall Building, nicknamed the The Cheesegrater, which is making good progress and is roughly half way up its full height. This cluster of buildings is ‘fighting back’ against Canary Wharf, and winning in both design terms and it terms of building numbers. With the Walkie Talkie Building and 122 Leadenhall Street joining the existing Heron Tower, 30 St Mary Axe, Willis Building, St Helen’s Building, Tower 42 and Lloyds Building (now appearing quite low!) there is a mass of office space to counteract the draw out to the Isle of Dogs, which looked so persuasive at the start of the nineties.

Editor – Adrian Welch.

The stalled construction of The Pinnacle has become the subject of a legal dispute. Brookfield Construction (UK), the contractor, is suing the developers alleging breach of contract and non-payment of fees. Many companies are reluctant to sign pre-let deals that make such speculative schemes viable, hence the funding issues.

Work on The Pinnacle building stopped in Autumn 2011 after the developer struggled to secure the finance to continue the project. It was the second time construction had halted after an earlier delay in 2011. The tower core has been built to just seven storeys and Brookfield has left the site.

The aim is for The Pinnacle to gain an ‘Excellent’ Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) rating. The Pinnacle incorporates a number of environmental systems including heat recovery, high-efficiency plant, low-energy cooling systems and 1,500sqm of photovoltaic cells incorporated into the unitized cladding panels that wrap around the spiral collar of the tower.

30 Jun 2011

The Pinnacle Construction

Construction work is due to start in the next week on this major London skyscraper designed by KPF.

The 64-storey structure, nicknamed the ‘Helter Skelter‘ has only got up to ground level.

The development is by Arab Investments and is due to complete somewhere between 2012 and 2014.

11 Jan 2011

The Pinnacle

Latest photos from the weekend of The Pinnacle tower by KPF: cranes and core rising.

The Pinnacle The Pinnacle London The Pinnacle Tower London
tower photographs © Nick Weall

The groundwork for ‘The Cheesegrater‘ is in the foreground, with The Pinnacle behind:
The Helter Skelter
tower photo © Nick Weall

The Pinnacle – Helter Skelter

London, UK
Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates (KPF)

Nicknamed the Helter Skelter Tower

Height: 288m high (previously projected to be 305m high)
Storeys: 60

The Pinnacle – Description

Spiralling 288 meters (941 feet) upward from its base, the Pinnacle tower will form the apex of an emerging cluster of tall buildings in the centre of London’s financial district. Designed to make substantial contribution to the public realm, the project involves reopening a ground-level pedestrian passageway closed to pedestrians by a previous building on the site since the 1980s and linking a number of important public spaces along Bishopsgate and St. Mary Axe.

Interior view
The Pinnacle interior

The tower’s complex tapered geometry-resolved through advanced computational parametric modeling-comprises inwardly inclined planar surfaces, which are linked by conical surfaces. The design of the entrance canopy at its base responds to the immediate context, creating a zone at the foot of the tower similar in height to nearby buildings. The entrance also signals the historic public right-of-way. The configuration of the entrance evolved during numerous wind-tunnel tests, iterative processes used to find a form that could provide an acceptable pedestrian environment.

Scheme B – Waterloo Bridge, South Viewing Plaque
The Pinnacle London
image : KPF and Cityscape

Sustainable systems are also integral to the tower’s design. Its aerodynamic shape, for example, improves the performance of the ventilated façade. The façade is made of two layers of clear glass: an inner, sealed (weatherproof and thermally broken) skin and an outer, un-insulated “snakeskin” layer made of repetitively sized, overlapping rectangular glass panels. The gaps between panels allow air to flow into the cavity and permit operable windows ventilate the offices. The outer layer of glass protects against the wind.

View from Threadneedle Street
The Pinnacle tower London
image : KPF and Cityscape

The Pinnacle London Building Information

Client: The Pinnacle No.1 Ltd, c/o Arab Investments Ltd
Type: Office building
Size: Office – 90,000m² / 970,000ft² ; Retail – 3,000 m² / 30,000 ft²
Status: Under Construction
The Chicago Athenaeum American Architecture Award (2004)
AIA New York Chapter Design Awards, Architectural Excellence (2003)
AIA New York Chapter Project Design Award (2001)

Project: The Pinnacle
Location: 22-38 Bishopsgate, London EC2, England
Completion: Estimated 2013
Architect: Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates – KPF
Team: Renos Charitou, Efrat Cohen, Karen Cook, Stylianos Dritsas,
Jon Neville-Jones, Rob Peebles, Daniel Perez, Lee Polisano, Karl Sharro, Paul Voysey, Wayne McKiernan, Tim Yu, Daniel Moore, Clara Doty, Dennis Hill, Karthik Ramamoorthy, Alanna Zie, Kornelia Krueger, Gustav Fagerstrom, Jacquie Bignell, Cindy Liu, Lolita Mickuviene

Development Manager: City Offices LLP / Stanhope
Planning Consultants: DP9
Investment & Leasing Advisors: Savills
Structural Engineers: Arup
MEP Engineers: Hilson Moran
Lift Consultants: Jappsen and Stangier

Other Consultants: Georg Penker (Landscape)
Emmer Pfenninger Partner AG (Cladding)
Reef (Access – Maintenance/Cleaning)
Arup (Fire / Wind / Extreme Events / Mobility Impaired Persons Access)
GDA (Security)
Gordon Ingram (Rights of Light)

The Pinnacle London architect :KPF

To see all listed projects on a single map please follow this link.

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The Pinnacle London

Kohn Pedersen Fox

Another London skyscraper by Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates (KPF):

Heron Tower
Heron Tower
image : Cityscape

Key Buildings by KPF

ACC Tower Philadelphia

Shanghai WFC Tower

Comments / photos for The Pinnacle LondonHelter Skelter Tower – Architecture page welcome

The Pinnacle Building – Helter Skelter Tower