Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Building, Jerusalem Architecture, Israeli Basilica, Resurrection Site

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem

Israeli Historic Old City Building

13 May 2013

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Jerusalem

Location: The Old City of Jerusalem, Israel

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Exterior view:
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Building The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Israel Building Jerusalem

To really understand this building you need to see this overlay showing Golgotha in the past and the current church building:

Golgotha cross section

Internal views – Golgotha altar:
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Jerusalem The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Building
photographs © Adrian Welch

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is also called the Basilica of the Holy Sepulchre or the Church of the Resurrection by Eastern Christians. The building is a church within the Christian Quarter of the walled Old City of Jerusalem.

The building was consecrated in 325/326.

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Building The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Israel Building Jerusalem The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Israel Building Jerusalem
photographs © Adrian Welch

The site is venerated as Golgotha (the Hill of Calvary), where Jesus was crucified, and is said also to contain the place where Jesus was buried (the Sepulchre). The church has been a paramount – and for many Christians the most important – pilgrimage destination since at least the 4th century, as the purported site of the resurrection of Jesus.

Hill of Calvary Hill of Calvary Jerusalem
photographs © Adrian Welch

Today it also serves as the headquarters of the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem, while control of the building is shared between several Christian churches and secular entities in complicated arrangements essentially unchanged for centuries.

The Aedicule:
The Aedicule The Church of the Holy Sepulchre The Aedicule The Church of the Holy Sepulchre The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Building The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Israel Building Jerusalem
photographs © Adrian Welch

Today, the church is home to Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism. Anglican, Nontrinitarian and Protestant Christians have no permanent presence in the church. Some regard the Garden Tomb, elsewhere in Jerusalem, as the actual place of Jesus’s crucifixion and resurrection.

The “Christ Pantocrator” mosaic in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre:
Christ Pantocrator The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Building Christ Pantocrator
photographs © Adrian Welch

Emperor Constantine I ordered in about 325/326 that the temple be demolished, instructing the local Bishop, Macarius of Jerusalem, to build a church on the site. Constantine’s church was built as two connected churches over the two different holy sites, including a great basilica (the Martyrium), an enclosed colonnaded atrium (the Triportico) with the traditional site of Golgotha in one corner, and a rotunda, called the Anastasis (“Resurrection”), which contained the remains of a rock-cut room identified as the burial site of Jesus.

Oculus over the The Aedicule:
Oculus over the The Aedicule The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Jerusalem Oculus over the The Aedicule
photographs © Adrian Welch

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre Israel images / information from e-architect


To see all listed projects on a single map please follow this link.

Israeli Architecture

Church Buildings

Israeli Architecture

Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design – New Campus, Jerusalem
Design: SANAA with Nir Kutz Architects
Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design
image from BAAD

Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design

King George Towers, Jerusalem, east Israel
Design: Baer, Shifman-Nathan Architects
King George Towers Jerusalem
image from architects

King George Towers

Jerusalem District Courthouse, central Israel
Design: Chyutin Architects
Jerusalem Court House Building
picture from architects

Jerusalem Courthouse

Observation tower on “Armon Hanatziv” walkway in Jerusalem
Design: Nir Ben Natan, Architect
Observation Tower Jerusalem
image from architects

Observation Tower Jerusalem

Church Architecture

Religious Buildings

Israel Architects

Comments / photos for the The Church of the Holy Sepulchre IsraelJerusalem Old City Architecture page welcome

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre

Website: The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem

Share on Facebook0Tweet about this on Twitter0Share on Google+0Share on LinkedIn0Pin on Pinterest0